The projects for the development of the oil and gas resources of the Lake Albert region and the cross-border pipeline are situated in a sensitive social and environmental context that requires special measures for the environment and the rights of the local communities.
The Lake Albert region in Uganda has major oil and gas resources, estimated at over one billion barrels. Uganda wanted to develop them under the projects Tilenga, operated by Total, and Kingfisher by CNOOC.* Production will be delivered to the Tanzanian port of Tanga by a cross-border pipeline, built and operated by the EACOP company (East African Crude Oil Pipeline).
The Tilenga and EACOP projects are situated in a sensitive social and environmental context and require land acquisition programs with close attention to the rights of the affected communities. Environmental and social impact assessments (ESIAs) have been carried out in compliance with the exacting standards of the International Finance Corporation (IFC). Third-party reviews have also been conducted to ensure that the projects are compliant with the best social and environmental practices.
1 CNOOC China National Offshore Oil Corporation
ACTING RESPONSIBLY AND TRANSPARENTLY ON SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
As a responsible operator, Total recognizes the projects’ environmental and social issues, and takes them into consideration.
A land acquisition program compliant with the highest international standards
The completion of the Tilenga and EACOP projects will require the implementation of a land acquisition program covering some 6,400 hectares. For Tilenga and EACOP, this program means relocating 723 primary residences, and will affect a total of 18,800 stakeholders, landowners and land users. Carried out in compliance with IFC performance standards, this program will begin with a complete survey of the land and crops and monetary compensation and/or compensation in kind. Each family whose primary residence is being relocated may choose between a new home and monetary compensation. An accessible, transparent and fair complaints-handling system will be running throughout the process.
Close attention to the rights of the communities concerned
Right from the design phase of these projects, special attention has been paid to information, consultation and consensus-building with all stakeholders. Over 70,000 people were consulted for the ESIAs. Discussions have been initiated with several NGOs, laying the foundation for a sustainable collaboration process aimed at capitalizing on their expertise and driving continuous improvement.
As in all the Group’s operations, Total attaches the utmost importance to compliance with human rights in the implementation of these projects. Everybody has the right to express themselves. Total does not use or tolerate the use by others of aggression or physical or legal threats against people who are exercising their right to freedom of expression or their right to peaceful assembly or protest.
Projects consistent with our environmental commitments
These projects are located in a particularly sensitive natural environment, especially in terms of biodiversity. Strict measures have been taken to avoid, mitigate and offset their impact.
Total has decided to restrict the footprint of the Tilenga project in Uganda’s Murchison Falls Park, a protected area and a showcase for African biodiversity. Development will be limited to an area that accounts for less than 1% of park land, and thanks to strict preventive and reduction measures built into the design of the project, the temporary and permanent Tilenga facilities inside the Park will cover less than 0.05% of the surface area.
The route of the EACOP pipeline has been designed to minimize its environmental impact. Careful attention was paid to watercourses, and horizontal drilling will be used for the most sensitive case.
Producing a positive impact on biodiversity
For these two projects, and in line with its biodiversity commitments, Total will also implement action plans that generate a positive net impact on biodiversity.
These plans will be defined in close collaboration with the authorities and stakeholders responsible for nature conservation in Uganda and Tanzania. Total will contribute to a 50% increase in the number of Murchison Falls park rangers and will support a program, conducted in partnership with the UWA (Uganda Wildlife Authority), to reintroduce the black rhinoceros in Uganda. Total is also working closely with IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) experts to integrate the best practices for the protection of chimpanzees, particularly by promoting the conservation of forest habitats.
During the construction phase