Transporting oil and gas from production sites to high-demand regions takes a robust and comprehensive supply chain that includes maritime transport, gas pipelines, regasification and storage sites. At Total, our expertise covers every step in the process.
We operate a leading maritime transport network
Shipping oil and gas requires advanced technical expertise and excellent coordination. Our priority at every step in the transport process is to ensure the safety of our employees, the environment, our facilities and our cargo.
In 2013, we processed 3,000 chartered shipments to transport 115 million metric tons of crude oil and refined products. We maintain a permanent fleet of approximately 50 vessels under long-term charter. We apply one of the most rigorous selection processes in the industry for every ship we use, especially those in our fleet. To make sure each vessel meets our standards, our vetting process evaluates the condition of the equipment, ship maintenance, crew quality and operating procedures on board.
In 2014, we sold over 12 million metric tons of LNG. We transported this gas on board
ultra-high-performance LNG tankers capable of maintaining an ultra-cold chain (-163°C) between the liquefaction site and the regasification plant.
Making our way through the Arctic
The Arctic is a region of major growth for the LNG industry. However, transporting natural gas from these frozen regions is a highly delicate operation. LNG tankers typically need to make their way through layers of ice up to 2 meters thick. To meet this challenge, we developed a new LNG tanker that can break the ice and advance through temperatures as low as -40°C.
Our onshore infrastructure
We operate advanced infrastructure for transporting our raw materials across land. We have interests in some 30 gas pipelines worldwide so that we can efficiently transport our gas and oil from fields to storage centers and high-demand regions.
LNG requires a specific supply chain that includes regasification terminals, as liquefied gas must be converted back into its gaseous state before it is injected into distribution networks. Whether through acquired interests or reserved regasification capacity, we currently conduct our activities at five sites: Fos Cavaou (France), South Hook (United Kingdom), Hazira (India), Altamira (Mexico) and Sabine Pass (United States). A sixth site in Dunkirk (France), where a regasification terminal is now in construction, will soon be added.
South Hook: The largest regasification terminal in Europe
The South Hook terminal in Wales stores gas produced in Qatar, which is then distributed to the British market. Designed to receive the world’s largest LNG tankers (260,000 cubic meters), it has a regasification capacity of 15.6 million metric tons of LNG per year and supplies over 25% of British natural gas demand.