For Total, contributing to the development of renewable energies is as much a strategic choice as an industrial responsibility. We are doing our part to diversify the global energy mix by investing in renewables, with a strategic focus on solar energy and bioenergies.
Why it matters
As energies of the future, renewables are an ideal complement to fossil fuels. Renewables increase the energy resources available to us and support global economic growth, while also limiting greenhouse gas emissions. For these reasons, they have an essential role to play in the International Energy Agency's (IEA) 2°C scenario. By 2035, the share of solar and other renewable energies in the global energy mix is expected to increase from 8% to 22%.
As a responsible industrial player, we are taking action to develop these new energies. Our efforts are focused in particular on solar energy and bioenergies.
- Benefitting from an abundant and decentralized energy source, the solar photovoltaics industry has seen significant technological advances, especially in energy storage, which have contributed to making it more competitive, profitable and efficient.
- As for bioenergies, it remains the only renewable alternative to fossil fuels for producing liquid fuels such as biodiesel, bioethanol and biojet fuel.
Our ambition: "20% low-carbon businesses in 20 years' time". Renewable energies, along with energy storage and energy efficiency, should represent 20% of our portfolio in 20 years' time.
Continuing to invest in the solar industry
At Total, we have been committed to developing renewable energies, and solar energy in particular, for more than 30 years. Through the Group's SunPower affiliate, Total is ranked no. 3 worldwide in the solar industry. Our cutting-edge expertise is present throughout the entire value chain, from photovoltaic cell manufacturing – where we intend to triple production capacity over the next five years – to the development of large-scale solar power plants and the installation of residential and commercial systems. Thanks to Maxeon® technology, SunPower's solar panels are the most efficient on the market, producing up to 1.7 times more energy than conventional solar panels for the same square footage. This technological leadership enables us to fulfill our goal of remaining at the forefront of the solar industry.
Investing in solar energy is also in line with our natural gas strategy. These two energy sources are compellingly complementary in terms of availability and cost: readily available natural gas resources can make up for the intermittent nature of solar energy, while the fixed price of electricity generated from solar energy can help smooth fluctuations in natural gas prices as they change with the market.
PV Salvador: harnessing sustainable and competitive energy in the Atacama Desert
Total Nuevas Energias solar power plants - Sunpower Launched in June 2014, PV Salvador is a ground-based photovoltaic power plant located in Chile's Atacama Desert, one of the world's most arid and sunny regions. The plant has been providing Chile with electricity since early 2015 and is the world's first solar plant to deliver electricity at the same cost as the traditional power grid.
To become the responsible energy major and help our customers optimize their consumption, the Group has acquired companies specialized in energy management and storage. Our Total Energy Ventures fund is dedicated to investing in innovative energy startups in these areas. In the same vein, we recently launched a new "Smart Energy" service through our SunPower affiliate that encompasses on-site production and consumption of solar power. Looking forward, the service will expand into smart energy management, storage and injection into the power grid.
In 2011, Total launched a program to market decentralized photovoltaic solar energy solutions, building on its more than a decade-long commitment to identifying energy access solutions for local populations in its host countries.
Continuing to promote biomass
Since the 1990s, we have been committed to unlocking the value of biomass. Our long-standing expertise in refining has given us a major competitive advantage in developing these energy sources. Today, this expertise is helping us respond proactively and meet changing demand by adapting our industrial facilities accordingly.
The commercial production of biomass allows us to produce biofuels, particularly ethyl tert-butyl ether (ETBE), a gasoline additive, and hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO) for diesel. But our commitment doesn't end there: we're also investing in research and development to help create a sector that's viable from both a technological and economic perspective. As part of this effort, we're actively researching applications for the non-edible parts of plants we use.
La Mède: Total's first biorefinery
We are determined to meet the growing demand for biofuels and to actively participate in developing renewable energies while shrinking our environmental footprint. At La Mède, France's first biorefinery, used oils and vegetable oils are processed to make biofuels.