Exploration & Production Operations in Africa
In 2012, Total’s production in Africa was 713 kboe/d,representing 31% of the Group’s overall production, compared to 659 kboe/d in 2011 and 756 kboe/d in 2010.
In Algeria, Total’s production was 23 kboe/d in 2012, compared to 33 kboe/d in 2011 and 41 kboe/d in 2010. These declines in production were mainly due to the sale in July 2011 of Total’s 48.83% share in CEPSA. All of the Group’s production in Algeria now comes from the Tin Fouyé Tabenkort (TFT) field (35%).Total also has stakes of 37.75% and 47% in the Timimoun and Ahnet gas development projects, respectively.
- On the TFT field, plateau production was maintained at 170 kboe/d.
- Pursuant to the ALNAFT national agency approval, at end 2010,of the development plan, the Timimoun Group, the operator of the development and the exploitation of the field, has been created. The answers for the main tendering for the construction of the facility are being processed. A 3D seismic survey has started at year end 2012. Commercial gas production is scheduled to start up by the end of 2016, with anticipated plateau production of 1.6 Bm3/y (160 Mcf/d).
- Under the Ahnet project, the technical section of a development plan was submitted to the authorities in July 2011. Discussions are underway with the project partners and the authorities. The anticipated plateau production is 4 Bm3/y (400 Mcf/d) as from the end of 2017.
In Angola, the Group’s production was 179 kboe/d in 2012, compared with 135 kboe/d in 2011 and 163 kboe/d in 2010. Production comes mainly from Blocks 0, 14 and 17. Highlights of 2010 to 2012 included the launch of the CLOV project in August 2010, the start-up of production on Pazflor in August 2011, several discoveries on Blocks 15/06 and 17/06 and, finally, the acquisition of interests in Blocks 25, 39 and 40 in the Kwanza basin.
- Deep-offshore Block 17 (40%, operator) is Total’s principal asset in Angola. It is composed of four major zones: Girassol, Dalia, Pazflor, which are all in production, and CLOV, which is currently being developed.
- Production on Pazflor, which comprises the Perpetua, Zinia, Hortensia and Acacia fields and which started in August 2011, was 196 kb/d in 2012.
- The development of CLOV started in 2010 and will result in the installation of a fourth floating production, storage and offloading units (FPSOs) with a production capacity of 160 kb/d. Start-up of production is expected in 2014.
- On Block 14 (20%), production on the Tombua-Landana field started in 2009 and adds to production from the Benguela- Belize-Lobito-Tomboco and Kuito fields.
- The development of the Lianzi (10%) field was approved in 2012. Located in the offshore unitization zone between Angola and the Republic of Congo, this field will be developed by a connection with the existing Benguela-Belize-Lobito-Tomboco platform (Block 14). Production start-up is expected in 2015.
- On Block 0, the development of Mafumeira Sul (10%) was approved by the partners and the authorities. This project is the second phase of the development of the Mafumeira field. The first oil is expected in 2015.
- On the ultra-deep offshore Block 32 (30%, operator), exploration work continues and the basic engineering studies are underway for the Kaombo project. These studies are expected to permit the development of the discoveries made in the southeast portion of the block through two FPSOs with an estimated capacity of 100 kb/d each. The calls for tender have been issued and the final decision on investment should be made in 2013.
- On Block 15/06 (15%), the development of a first production hub including the discoveries located in the northwest portion of the block began in early 2012.
Total has operations on exploration Blocks 33 (55%, operator), 17/06 (30%, operator), 25 (35%, operator), 39 (15%) and 40 (50%, operator). The Group plans to drill for pre-salt targets in Blocks 25, 39 and 40.
Total is also developing in LNG through the Angola LNG project (13.6%), which includes a gas liquefaction plant near Soyo. The plant will be supplied in particular by the gas associated with production from Blocks 0, 14, 15, 17 and 18. Construction work is now complete and start-up is expected mid-2013.
In Cameroon, Total finalized in April 2011 the sale of its entire 75.8% stake in its Upstream subsidiary Total E&P Cameroun. Since that time, the Group no longer owns any exploration or production assets in the country. Production was 3 kboe/d in 2011 and 9 kboe/d in 2010
In Côte d’Ivoire, Total is active in four deep offshore exploration licenses. Total is the operator of the CI-100 (60%) license and, since February 2012, the CI-514 (54%) license and also holds, since February 2012, a stake in the CI-515 (45%) and CI-516 (45%) licenses. A comprehensive 3D seismic survey was conducted on the CI-100 license, and the first exploration drilling started at the beginning of January 2013. The 2,000 km2 license is located approximately 100 km southeast of Abidjan in water depths ranging from 1,500 m to 3,100 m.
A 3D seismic survey campaign, covering the whole of the three licenses CI-514, CI-515 and CI-516, was completed in December 2012. The data are currently being interpreted.
EgyptIn Egypt, Total signed a concession agreement in 2010 and became operator of Block 4 (East El Burullus Offshore). In January 2013, Total sold a 40% interest in Block 4, but continues to operate this license with a 50% stake. The license, located in the Nile river basin where a number of gas discoveries have been made, covers a 4-year initial exploration period and includes a commitment to carrying out 3D seismic work and drilling exploration wells. Following the 3,374 km2 3D seismic survey shot in 2011, drilling is under preparation and should start in 2013.
In Gabon, the Group’s production was 57 kboe/d in 2012 compared to 58 kboe/d in 2011 and 67 kboe/d in 2010. The Group’s exploration and production activities in Gabon are mainly carried out by Total Gabon(1), one of the Group’s oldest subsidiaries in sub-Saharan Africa.
- Under the Anguille field redevelopment project, the AGM North platform, from which twenty-one additional development wells are to be drilled, was installed in January 2012. The drilling campaign started early in the second quarter of 2012 and production from this platform, which should represent 20 kboe/d, is expected to start in 2013.
- On the deep-offshore Diaba license, Total Gabon, the operator, sold off in June 2012 part of its interest, which now stands at 42.5%. A 6,000 km2 3D seismic survey was shot, processed and interpreted in 2010. Initial exploration drilling is planned for the first half of 2013.
- Total Gabon farmed into the onshore Mutamba-Iroru (50%), DE7 (30%), and Nziembou (20%) exploration licenses in 2010. Following negative exploration drilling on license DE7, Total Gabon relinquished the license in 2011. After reprocessing the existing seismic data, the Nguongui-updip well was drilled on the Mutamba-Iroru license in 2012 and revealed the presence of hydrocarbons.The commercial viability of this discovery will be investigated further. A 2D seismic survey was made on the Nziembou license in 2012, and an exploration well is due to be drilled in 2014.
KenyaIn Kenya, Total acquired in September 2011 a 40% stake in five offshore licenses in the Lamu basin (L5, L7, L11a, L11b and L12), representing a total surface area of more than 30,600 km2 in water depths ranging from 100 m to 3,000 m. Following a 3,500 km2 3D seismic survey in the initial exploration period, 25% of the surface area of the five blocks has been relinquished and the decision was made to drill two exploration wells in 2013 on Blocks L7 and L11b. In June 2012, the Group also acquired the L22 offshore license (100%, operator), located in the same basin and covering a surface area of more than 10,000 km2 in water depths ranging from 2,000 m to 3,500 m.
In Libya, the Group’s production was 62 kb/d in 2012, compared to 20 kb/d in 2011 and 55 kb/d in 2010. Total is present in the following contract zones: 15, 16 & 32 (75%(1)), 70 & 87 (75%(1)), 129 & 130 (30%(1)), 130 & 131 (24%(1)), and Block NC 191 (100%(1), operator). In 2012, production recovered the level preceding the events of 2011 in the country that had caused the interruption of production in late
- In offshore zones 15, 16 and 32, production resumed in September 2011 and quickly reached its former level. The drilling of two wells is expected to start in the second quarter of 2013.
- In onshore zones 70 and 87, production resumed in January 2012. It gradually ramped back up to plateau level. In addition, the Group is continuing the development of the Dahra and Garian fields, where production is expected to start at the beginning of 2014.
- In onshore zones 129, 130 and 131, production resumed in October 2011. A return to plateau level production occurred in 2012. The seismic campaign started before the events and will be pursued in 2013.
- In the onshore Murzuk basin, following a successful appraisal well drilled on the discovery made on a portion of Block NC 191, a development plan was submitted to the authorities in 2009. After the interruption related to the events of 2011 in the country, discussions with the authorities have restarted.
MadagascarIn Madagascar, Total acquired in 2008 a 60% stake in the Bemolanga 3102 license (operator) to appraise the license’s oil sand accumulations. The exploitation of oil sand accumulations is no longer a consideration, Total is focusing on exploration for conventional hydrocarbons. The conventional exploration of the block is expected to continue in 2013 with a 2D seismic survey following the approval of an additional two-year extension by the local authorities of the exploration phase.
In Mauritania, Total has exploration operations on the Ta7 and Ta8 licenses (60%, operator) located in the Taoudenni basin. In January 2012, Total acquired interests in two exploration licenses (90%, operator): Block C9 in ultra-deep offshore, and Block Ta29 onshore in the Taoudenni basin.
- Following a 2D seismic survey shot in 2011 on license Ta7, a well has been prepared and drilling operations started in February 2013.
- On the Ta8 license, drilling of the exploration well ended in 2010. Results from the well were disappointing.
- A 900 km2 2D seismic shot was taken on Block Ta29 in 2012.
- On Block C9, a 3D seismic campaign started at the end of January 2013.
In Morocco, an authorization of recognition was allocated in December 2011 to Total and the ONHYM (National Bureau of Petroleum and Mines) for an offshore zone of 100,000 km2. In the 2012, the Group led geological studies and realized a seabed survey. In December 2012, the authorization of recognition was extended of one year and 3 D seismic survey shot of 5,000 km2 started at the end of 2012.
In Mozambique, Total acquired a 40% stake in the contract to share the production of the offshore Blocks 3 and 6 in September 2012. Located in the prolific Rovuma basin, these two blocks cover a total surface area of 15,250 km² in water depths ranging from 0 m to 2,500 m. An exploration well was drilled in 2012. The results are currently being analyzed.
In Nigeria, the Group’s production was 279 kboe/d in 2012, compared to 287 kboe/d in 2011 and 301 kboe/d in 2010. This level of production makes of Nigeria the first contributing country for the productions of
the Group in 2012. Total has been present in Nigeria since 1962. It operates seven production licenses (OML) out of the thirty-eight in which it has a stake, and two exploration licenses (OPL) out of the five in which it has a stake. Total is also the operator of the exploration Block 1 in the Joint Development Zone (JDZ administered jointly by Nigeria and São Tomé and Principe). The Group is also active in LNG through Nigeria LNG and the Brass LNG project. Regarding recent variations in the mining fields:
- In November 2012, Total announced the signing of an agreement to sell its 20% stake in Block OML 138, which includes the Usan field. The agreement is subject to approval by the relevant authorities.
- In 2011, Total (operator) increased its stake from 45.9% to 48.6% in Block 1 of the JDZ.
- The divestment of the 10% Group’s stakes held through the joint venture operated by Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) in Blocks OML 26 and 42 was finalized in 2011, and in Blocks OML 30, 34 and 40 in 2012. Blocks OML 4, 38 and 41 were sold in 2010.
- Total owns 15% of the Nigeria LNG gas liquefaction plant, located on Bonny Island, with an overall LNG capacity of 22Mt/y.
With respect to the Brass LNG gas liquefaction plant project (17%), preliminary work continued in 2012 prior to launching the construction of two trains, each with a capacity of 5 Mt/y. Calls for tenders for the construction of the plant and loading facilities are underway. Total continues its efforts to strengthen its ability to supply gas to the LNG projects in which it owns a stake and to meet the growing domestic demand for gas:
- As part of its joint venture with the Nigerian National Petroleum Company (NNPC), Total pursued the project to increase the gas production capacity of the OML 58 license (40%, operator) from 370 Mcf/d to 550 Mcf/d. The second phase of this project will be the development of additional reserves. A drilling incident on OML 58 in late March 2012 resulted in the facilities being stopped. The incident was resolved and production gradually ramped up as of June 2012. The facilities were stopped again and secured in October 2012 due to exceptionally high rainfall. Production resumed in November 2012.
- On the OML 112/117 licenses (40%), Total continued development studies in 2012 for the Ima gas field.
- On the OML 99 license (40%, operator), engineering work is underway to develop the Ikike field, where production is expected to start in 2016 (estimated capacity: 55 kboe/d).
- On the OML 102 license (40%, operator), Total continues to develop the Ofon phase 2 project, which was launched in 2011, with an expected capacity of 60 kboe/d and production start-up scheduled end of 2014. In 2011, the Group also discovered Etisong North, located 15 km of the currently-producing Ofon field. The exploration campaign continued in 2012 with the drilling of the Eben well, which is also south of Ofon. The positive results produced by this well further enhance the appeal of the future Etisong-Eben development hub as a satellite of the Ofon field.
- On the deep water acreage, Total drilled three exploration wells in 2012: Obo and Enitimi on JDZ Block 1, and Owowo West on OPL 223. Results are under study.
- On the OML 130 license (24%, operator), the Akpo field reached plateau production of 225 kboe/d in 2010. The Group is actively working on the Egina field (capacity of 200 kboe/d), for which a development plan has been approved by the relevant authorities. Calls for tender are underway and the contracts should be signed in the second quarter of 2013.
- On the OML 138 license (20%, operator), Total started production on the Usan offshore field in February 2012 (180 kb/d, capacity of the FPSO), which reached a level of 120 kboe/d at the end of 2012. As described above, on November 2012, Total signed an agreement on the sale of its 20% stake in Block OML 138. This agreement is subject to approval by the relevant authorities, expected in 2013.
- The production that is not operated by the Group in Nigeria comes mainly from the SPDC association, in which Total holds a 10% stake. Gas production by the SPDC association in 2011 remained strong due to the contribution made by the Gbaran-Ubie project, which started up in 2010. However, the sharp increase of oil bunkering in 2012 had an impact on onshore production, as well as on the integrity of the facilities and the environment. Total also holds a 12.5% interests in Shell Nigeria Exploration and Production Company (SNEPCO) association, wich operates notably on the OML 118 license. On this license, the Bonga field contributed approximately 15 kboe/d to the Group’s production in 2012.
- On the operated deep water acreage, the Bonga Northwest development project was progressed in 2012 on the OML licence (12.5%).
In Uganda, Total finalized in February 2012 its farm-in for an interest of 33.33% covering the EA-1, EA-1A and EA-2 licenses as well as the new Kanywataba license and the Kingfisher production license. All of these licenses are located in the Lake Albert region, where oil resources have already been discovered.
Total is the operator of EA-1 and EA-1A and a partner on the other licenses. Total and its partners are embarking on an exploration and appraisal program from 2012 onwards.
- The Kanywataba exploration well was drilled in June 2012 and produced negative results. The license expired in August 2012 and was returned to the authorities.
- The EA-1A license expired in February 2013, following a campaign of several exploration drillings.
- On the appraisal license EA-1, a campaign of appraisal wells, production tests and a 3D seismic survey are planned for 2012-2014. Five development plans will be submitted to the authorities before the end of 2013 (Ngiri, Jobi-Rii, Mpyo, Gunya and Jobi East).
- On the appraisal license EA-2, the campaign of appraisal wells and production tests started in 2012 will continue in 2013.
Several development plans will be submitted to the authorities before the end of 2013 (Waraga, Kasamene, Wahrindi, Kigogole, Ngege, Ngara and Nsoga).
- The development plan of the EA-3 production license of the Kingfisher field was finalized by the operator in November 2012 and submitted to the authorities for approval.
Republic of the Congo
In the Republic of Congo, the Group’s production was 113 kboe/d in 2012, compared to 123 kboe/d in 2011 and 120 kboe/d in 2010.
- The development of the Lianzi field (26.75%) was approved in 2012. Located in the offshore unitization zone between Angola and the Republic of Congo, this field will be developed by a tieback to the existing Benguela-Belize-Lobito-Tomboco platform (Block 14 in Angola). Production start-up is expected in 2015.
- The Moho Bilondo offshore field (53.5%, operator), reached plateau production of 90 kboe/d in mid-2010. The field has now started its decline. The existence of additional resources in the southern portion of the license was confirmed in 2010, creating the prospects for additional development of the existing facilities (“Phase 1b”). The basic engineering studies were finished in 2012. A series of agreements on the contractual and fiscal conditions applicable to the Moho Bilondo license were signed with the authorities in July 2012 and approved by a law passed in October 2012, triggering the development of the northern portion of the license, the potential of which was bolstered by appraisal and exploration wells drilled in 2008 and 2009 (Moho North project). The basic engineering studies were finished in 2012. The Phase 1b and Moho North projects have been launched in March 2013, with production start-up planned in 2015 and 2016 respectively. The estimated production capacities are about 140 kboe/d in 2017 (“Phase 1b” 40 kboe/d, “Moho Nord” 100 kboe/d).
- Production on Libondo (65%, operator), which is part of the Kombi-Likalala-Libondo operating license, started up in March 2011. Plateau production reached 12 kboe/d in 2011. A substantial portion of the equipment was sourced locally in Pointe-Noire through the redevelopment of a construction site that had been idle for several years.
Democratic Republic of the CongoIn the Democratic Republic of the Congo, following the Presidential decree approving Total’s entry in 2011 as operator with a 60% interest in Block III of the Graben Albertine, the exploration permit was issued in January 2012 by the Minister of Hydrocarbons for a period of three years and subsequently extended by an additional year due to the postponement of the works resulting from the generalsecurity situation in the eastern part of the country. This block is located in the Lake Albert region. Total acquired an additional 6.66% of this block in March 2012. The prospecting program is limited to the northern portion of the license, which is outside the Virunga park. A helicopter acquisition of gravimetric and magnetic data was completed in August 2012.
Republic of South SudanIn the Republic of South Sudan, Total holds an interest in Block B and is working with state authorities to resume exploration activities on this zone. Since the independence of the Republic of South Sudan on July 9, 2011, Total is no longer present in Sudan.